On Thursday, June 23, 2022, the first session of the Ethics Course on “Official Ethics” was held with the speech of the Secretary General of the World Assembly of AhlulBayt (as) for the leaders and staff of the organization at the meeting hall of the Assembly building in Qom.
AhlulBayt News Agency (ABNA): On Thursday, June 23, 2022, the first session of the Ethics Course on “Official Ethics” was held with the speech of the Secretary General of the World Assembly of AhlulBayt (as) for the leaders and staff of the organization at the meeting hall of the Assembly building in Qom.
During this session, Ayatollah Reza Ramazani said, “Ethics has different characteristics, so it encompasses all aspects of human life. It is defined in the individual, family and social domains, in different dimensions, because human beings have many interactions. In the individual sphere and in the family, man must behave ethically. But our lecture today is about social and official ethics.
“If social and official ethics are not respected, the individual will encounter problems in his professional activities, and errors in collective activities will cause collective harm,” he stressed on the importance of official ethics.
“According to a hadith from the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), prayer, fasting and almsgiving do not make a person worthy, but it is honesty and loyalty that makes a person worthy. Also, according to a hadith of Imam Reza (as), the intellect of a believer will not be perfect if he does not have ten characteristics: people feel secure towards him, he considers his great deed as small, and the small action of others as great. Finally, the tenth and most crucial characteristic mentioned for a perfect intellect according to hadith is that the person does not consider himself superior to anyone. Meanwhile, there is no mention of prayer and fasting, but their effects are emphasized. Prayer and fasting should build and strengthen (the personality) of a person,” added the Secretary General of the World Assembly of AhlulBayt (as).
“Arrogant behavior in an office is very dangerous. The inner personality of the arrogant person is so stinky that even hell burns with it! “will spread to the office environment. The society in the time of the Umayyad and Abbasid Caliphs is very different from the society in the time of the Prophet (pbuh). If the leaders of a society are arrogant, so will the people.” he added.
“Excessiveness (in extreme negatives or positives) is one of the evils of the office environment. In the office environment, excesses are sometimes observed. For example, an employee in an office environment holds a rosary and says dhikr instead of performing his duties! Or at the time of the call to prayer, an employee postpones the work of the client and goes to the prayer of the congregation! These people do not have a good understanding of religion. Sometimes the inconsistency of claim with action leads to hatred of others, which is very dangerous in the office environment. Inconsistency between claim and behavior is a threat, while consistency of words and deeds can be opportunity and effective,” he continued.
“Patience makes us tolerate dissenting opinions. In the absence of patience, the desired goals in official and social affairs will not be achieved. Imam Khomeini (ra) was told that someone was against him: “Can we appoint him to a certain position? Imam Khomeini replied: “Are we one of the tenets of the religion?! Therefore, in the office environment, we must tolerate dissenting opinion and not alienate the dissenting person. said the seminar’s top professor, emphasizing the importance of patience and endurance in departments.
In the tafseer of Quranic verses “قَالَ رَبِّ اشْرَحْ لِي صَدْرِي* *” ((Moses) said, “O my Lord! Enlarge my bosom for me;* Make it easy for me;* And remove the obstacle to my speech,* So that they may understand what I am saying”*) (Quran, Surah: Taha, Verses: 25 – 28), he said: “In these verses, the Prophet Moses asks God to expand his chest. Sharh Sadr (expanding the breast) means mastery over things. “Making my task easier for me” refers to the fact that the task cannot be mastered without sufficient data. Also, in order for a person to explain what they mean to others, they must have a clear statement. The word must be expressive. Imam Khomeini’s speeches were almost a translation and interpretation of Quranic verses. He spoke so fluently that everyone understood what he meant.
“A person who participates in teamwork must have an interest and faith in the work. If he is not interested in the activity, the work will be damaged and inefficient,” Ayatollah Ramazani said on the demands of working in an office.
“You have to commit to working in the office. For the doctor or the pilot, the commitment is not to make night prayers. But for the doctor, the commitment is to do his job well and not neglect, and for the pilot, the commitment is to avoid working when tired or unconscious. In other words, engagement in each profession has its own definition,” he said.
“People in official work, in addition to the personal moral etiquettes they are required to observe, must also consider other issues. In his book Lom’ah, after mentioning the characteristics of a judge, Ash -Shahid al-Awwal (The First Martyr) said: “In addition to the characteristics of a mujtahid, a judge must have other characteristics in order to exercise his functions”, added the Secretary General of the World Assembly from AhlulBayt (as), noting that in the office environment, people who believe in work have a collective responsibility.
“Is it possible that the morality of man is changed? Prophet Muhammad (as) praised Zubair’s swordsmanship, but this person later changed. There are many people like Talha and Zubair in history who did a lot of service to Islam but did not end well. On the other hand, there were people like Al-Hurr ibn Yazid Ar-Riyahi who underwent a divine test and eventually joined the army of Imam Hussain (as),” he said. declared.
“In offices, some people are pious at the beginning of their employment, but later their piety decreases for material reasons and the lust for power. In hadith it is also mentioned that the last thing man is tested with by God is love of position. In the book Mersad al-Ibad, it is said that if a ruler ever rules righteously, his spiritual reward is greater than a thousand years of worship by a mystic,” Ayatollah Ramazani added.
“The entry of a person into society is dangerous before he corrects himself. Title, position and money can change a person’s perspective. There are people who were trustworthy at first but then became traitors and couldn’t control themselves,” he continued.
“There are three views on the possibility of changing human morality. Some argue that human morality cannot be changed because body and soul are interdependent; The intrinsic affairs of the body cannot be changed, therefore the soul cannot be changed either; The man is advised, but after a while he forgets and returns to his origin. The answer to proponents of this belief is that the human soul is different from its body. Human existence has different spheres, characteristics and inclinations, and they should not all be considered the same,” said the senior Qom seminary professor.
“The second belief belongs to the late Mullah Mahdi Naraghi. According to him, most of the moral characteristics of human beings can be changed, while some of them are immutable,” he continued.
“According to the third view, human morality can be changed, and divine prophets have come to change morality. During the 23 years of Prophet Muhammad’s (as) prophethood, the morals of many people have changed with his training and teachings. Indeed, if human morality could not be changed, penal laws and the existence of heaven and hell would be futile. Heaven and hell are for the human being who is free and chooses the best path of his own free will,” Ayatollah Ramazani said on the third point of view.
“The Prophet Muhammad (as) educated people in a way that changed their minds and morals,” World Assembly Secretary General AhlulBayt (as) concluded.
The series of ethics lessons titled “Official Ethics”, which began on Thursday, June 23, 2022, in the AhlulBayt (as) World Assembly meeting hall, will continue monthly.